Will Country Caps on US Green Cards Be Removed?

Will Country Caps on US Green Cards Be Removed?

A new report from the US Congress reveals that removing the country quota from the procedure for processing the high-in-demand US Green Cards will put a stop to the prevalent discrimination in America’s labour market. On the other hand, it will pave the way for countries like India and China to dominate the American citizenship program.

A Green Card lets one permanently live and work in the US.

Majority of Indian-Americans are highly-skilled, and they move to the US using mainly the H-1B route. They are the most affected by the current immigration which allows and imposes on each country, a 7 percent quota for Green Cards.

An independent research section of Congress known as the Congressional Research Service (CRS) said that if the cap placed on each country for work visas were to be removed, there are high expectations that Indians and the Chinese will dominate the work-based LPRs for a period long enough to handle the long queue of applicants that have piled up over the years.

The queue will also include people who earlier had employment-based visa petitions who have one immigration issue or the other to sort out with the Department of State or the USCIS.

What are the figures in the queues

According to data released by the USCIS in April 2018, 306,601 Indian IT professionals were on the queue waiting for their Green Cards.

Indians take up to 78% out of the overall 395,025 foreigners waiting for their Green Cards in only one category of applications for work-based LPRs.

Because of the cap, Indians who are currently applying for a Green Card will have to wait for up to 9 and a half years. This number, though, could change due to an increase or decrease in the number of applications. China follows India with 67,031 applicants waiting in line for the card.

Some arguments removing the country-based cap will create opportunities for high-skilled immigrants from countries like China and India who are dominantly in the tech industry, without raising the bar on the total yearly admission for work-based LPRs.

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